Janakpur: Ancient Mithila Kingdom and City of Ponds

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Mithila civilisation’s heartland is Janakpur. Janaki temple, one of Hinduism’s most important pilgrimages, and 70 more Hindu temples can be found in the city. The city is a popular destination for religious and cultural travelers. Janakpur is the capital of Madhesh Province and the headquarters of the Dhanusha district. The city was established in the early 1800s. According to legend, an older city in the area known as Janakpurdham existed, which was allegedly the capital of the Videha dynasty that dominated the Mithila region in ancient times. Janakpur is Nepal’s most populous sub-metropolis at the moment. Nepal Railways connects India’s Jaynagar and Janakpur.

The Janakpurdham, a prominent Terai plain tourism site, is located in Janakpur’s Dhanusha district, which is part of the Central Development Region. The historical town, which is home to several deities’ ancient temples, monasteries, and arts and crafts, is also revered as a major religious center. Mother Sita, the consort of Lord Ram, the perfect man, was born in Janakpur, the ideal lady of the Hindus. Every town square has at least one deity associated with the epic Ramayana.

Janakpur: Most Visit Places:

Janakpur was the capital of King Janak and the birthplace of his daughter, Goddess Sita (also known as Janaki), who married Lord Ramchandra of Ayodhya, India, according to the Hindu epic Ramayana. Every year, Hindu worshippers from all over the world flock to the temple to pay their respects to Ram and Sita, who are thought to be avatars of Lord Bishnu and goddess Laxmi. Apart from temples, Janakpur has over 90 ponds, the most famous of which are Ganga Sagar and Dhanush Sagar.

Janaki Mandir:

The Nau Lakha Mandir is the mandir’s popular name (meaning “nine lakhs”). The temple was built for about the same amount of money: rupees nine lakhs or nine hundred thousand rupees, hence the name. The temple was established in 1910 AD by Tikamgarh’s Queen Vrisha Bhanu. It is built in a fusion of Mughal and Hindu architectural styles. There are 60 rooms with exquisite lattice windows and turrets, as well as the Nepalese flag, colored glass, engravings, and Mithila paintings. A golden statue of the Goddess Sita was discovered in 1657, and Sita is claimed to have resided there. Pilgrims and travelers from all over the world go to this sacred Hindu temple during the Vivah Panchami festival in November and December.

Ram Mandir:

Amar Singh Thapa constructed this shrine in honor of Ram, the prince of Ayodhya. The Ram Mandir is a 10-minute walk from Janaki Mandir, and is located directly across from Dhanusagar. Many stone idols of Lord Shiva can be found on the temple’s right side. Ram Navami and Vivah Panchami are the two most important festivals at Ram Mandir. Special bhajans are sung on Ram Navami because it is the birth tithi (date) of Ram. On Vivah Panchami, various specific traditional codes are conducted as marriage codes to be observed between Ram Mandir and Janaki Mandir.

Ratna Sagar Temple:

From Ramanada Chowk, it takes about 10 minutes to walk to the Ratna Sagar Temple. The deities’ idols are also housed at the temple, which is devoted to Lord Ram and Mother Sita. The temple stands tall and is encircled by a beautiful landscape. The sacred pond Ratna Sagar, which is located near the temple and is considered one of Janakpur’s most sacred ponds in the city.


The holy pond of Gangasagar is located near Ram Mandir in Janakpur. The water for this pond is thought to have been carried from the Ganga. At night, this pond takes on a wonderful appearance. During the Chhath festival, it is attractively decorated. Even during the aarti, visitors can take a boat ride on the pond.


It is situated on the Gangasagar’s west bank. Swargdwari is a combination of the words Swarg (Heaven) and Dwar (Lord) (gate). As a result, this location is regarded as a portal to paradise for the deceased.

Shree Sankat Mochan Temple:

The Sankatmochan Temple is well-known not just in Janakpur but also in the surrounding areas, as it is said to relieve devotees of their troubles. Lord Hanuman, the Monkey God, is honored in this shrine. Worshipping at the temple is historically thought to provide relief from all worries and to grant any wish. Every Saturday and Tuesday, as well as other Hindu holidays, a large crowd of believers congregates at the temple. People come from all around the world to pray at the temple. The temple is within a 10-minute walk from the Janaki Temple.

Women Development Center:

It is a non-profit organization that provides skills and business training to women in order for them to be self-sufficient. Initially, women were taught traditional Mithila paper craft, but now they are also taught sewing, screen printing, ceramics, and painting.

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